Recently, there have been several inquiries on adoption. I’d like to briefly explain the process of adoption. Basically, an adult may adopt another as his or her child according to Civil Act (hereafter referred to as the “Act”) and shall get consent or permission from the parents of the person to be adopted. In case there are certain reasons stated on the Act, the Family Court may decide on adoption without the parent’s consent or permission. The specific procedures depend on the age of the person to be adopted. The first paragraph of Article 867 of the Act prescribes, “(a)nyone who intends to adopt a minor shall obtain permission from the Family Court”. On the other hand, if the person to be adopted is an adult, no permission from Family Court is needed. If you want to have the person to be adopted end the relations with his or her parents and follow your family name, you shall file for full adoption to the Family Court. There are quite complicated requirements for both adoption and full adoption, so I’d advise you to consult a lawyer. For further inquiries, please feel free to contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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